SKINNER, BURRHUS FREDERIC (1904-1990), American psychologist.
...his thesis (Skinner, 1971, 1974. 1981) that the environment is largely responsible for individual achievements, because it is the environment inhabited by an organism that selects, shapes, and sustains its (typically successful) behavior.
...Skinner was sharply critical of the notion that individuals are creatively autonomous agents responsible for their own behavior. Cultures that presuppose individual autonomy and responsibility and defend individual liberties by minimizing effective social controls embrace a mistaken theory of human behavior and, according to Skinner, are likely to be less effective in promoting behavior that contributes to cultural survival (Skinner, 1971, 1987)