Volume IV The Hinge Of Fate (1950) How The Power Of The Grand Alliance Became Preponderant Book I The Onslaught of Japan
PENALTIES IN MALAYA
...I do not write this in any way to excuse myself. I ought to have known. My advisers ought to have known and I ought to have been told, and I ought to have asked. The reason I had not asked about this matter, amid the thousands of questions I put, was that the possibility of Singapore having no landward defences no more entered into my mind than that of a battleship being launched without a bottom.
Chiefs of Staff to General Wavell 20 Jan 42
...8. Effective measures should be worked out to disperse and control the civil population and to suppress Fifth Column activity.