papalagi (papalagi) wrote,

Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (1874 - 1965) The Second World War

Volume VI Triumph and Tragedy (1953)
Theme of the Volume How the great democracies triumphed, and so were able to resume the follies which had so nearly cost them their life
BOOK II The iron curtain

...The American military authorities estimated that it would take eighteen months after the surrender of Germany to defeat Japan. Russian help would reduce heavy American casualties. The invasion of the Japanese home islands was at this time still in the planning stage, and General MacArthur had entered Manila only on the second day of the Yalta Conference. The first experimental explosion of the atomic bomb was not to take place for another five months. The large Japanese army in Manchuria could, if Russia still remained neutral, be thrown into the battle for Japan itself.

To this the President, who seemed very tired, replied. "The Prime Minister's toast," he said, "recalls many memories. In 1933 my wife visited a school in our country. In one of the classrooms she saw a map with a large blank space on it. She asked what was the blank space, and was told they were not allowed to mention the place—it was the Soviet Union. That incident was one of the reasons why I wrote to President Kalinin asking him to send a representative to Washington to discuss the opening of diplomatic relations. That is the history of our recognition of Russia."

вот сказочники-то... то Бог их вдохновляет, то сны им снятся, то мысль приходит...

As our talk continued Stalin spoke of what he called "the unreasonable sense of discipline in the Kaiser's Germany", and recounted an incident which occurred when he was in Leipzig as a young man. He had come with two hundred German Communists to attend an International Conference. Their train arrived punctually at the station, but there was no official to collect their tickets. All the German Communists therefore waited docilely for two hours to get off the platform. So none of them were able to attend the meeting for which they had travelled far.

There was another occasion during our stay at Yalta when things had not gone so smoothly. Mr. Roosevelt, who was host at a luncheon, said that he and I always referred to Stalin in our secret telegrams as "Uncle Joe". I had suggested that he should tell him this privately, but instead the President made it into a jocular statement to the company. This led to a difficult moment. Stalin took offence. "When can I leave this table?" he asked in anger. Mr. Byrnes saved the situation with an apt remark. "After all," he said, "you do not mind talking about Uncle Sam, so why should Uncle Joe be so bad?" At this the Marshal subsided, and Molotov later assured me that he understood the joke. He already knew that he was called Uncle Joe by many people abroad, and he realised that the name had been given in a friendly way and as a term of affection.

дядя сэм уж никак не дружественная кличка...

It is easy, after the Germans are beaten, to condemn those who did their best to hearten the Russian military effort and to keep in harmonious contact with our great Ally, who had suffered so frightfully. What would have happened if we had quarrelled with Russia while the Germans still had two or three hundred divisions on the fighting front? Our hopeful assumptions were soon to be falsified. Still, they were the only ones possible at the time.

Tags: Вторая мировая война, Сталин, Черчилль, Ялта

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