papalagi (papalagi) wrote,
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Encyclopedia of Psychology Alan E. Kazdin, PhD, Editor-in-Chief

LIFE SPAN PSYCHOLOGY THEORY
A Systemic Theory of Life Span Development: Selective Optimization with Compensation
...A specific example may help to clarify the meaning of the three processes. When the concert pianist Artur Rubinstein, as an 80-year-old, was asked in a television interview how he managed to maintain such a high level of expert piano playing, he hinted at the coordination of three strategies. First, he played fewer pieces (selection): he practiced these pieces more often (optimization): and to counteract his loss in mechanical speed he now used a kind of impression management, such as playing more slowly before fast segments to make the latter appear faster (compensation).
...According to selective optimization with compensation theory, each developmental process and outcome can be decomposed into aspects of selection, optimization, and compensation.
...

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