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Encyclopedia of Psychology Alan E. Kazdin, PhD, Editor-in-Chief

HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY: History of the Field

...At the time of the expanded mandate, less than 0.5% of the NIH budget was devoted to behavioral research (as of 1999. that figure approximates 10%). However, during this same period, the federal Center for Disease Control proclaimed “lifestyle” to be the principal culprit in the 10 leading causes of death in the United States. “Lifestyle” translated into what people did (for example, what and how much they ate, smoked, drank; how physically active they were; how “connected“ they were with others: how they coped with environmental demands; and what their living conditions were like).

Отчего народ мрет? Оттого, что живет...

A second parallel development was initiated by Joseph Matarazzo, first president of Division 38, in his conceptualization of “behavioral health,” which he defined as an interdisciplinary field “that stresses individual responsibility in the application of behavioral and biomedical knowledge and techniques to the maintenance of health and the prevention of illness and dysfunction” (1980, p. 807).

Болеешь? Сам дурак!

The Journal of Behavioral Medicine, Annals of Behavioral Medicine, Behavioral Medicine, and the International Journal of Behavioral Medicine all came into being within the same time frame, which permitted substantive outlets for scientific productivity in both areas.

сантехника для научной продукции...

Expanding the mission of psychologists into the prevention and control of chronic disease and the promotion of health at the individual, occupational, and public health levels will provide a wealth of emerging opportunities for our discipline in the new millennium.

не школа для жизни, но жизнь для школы...

Tags: encyclopedia of psychology
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