papalagi (papalagi) wrote,

Encyclopedia of Psychology Alan E. Kazdin, PhD, Editor-in-Chief


Although agoraphobia was once believed to be a fear of open or public places, people with agoraphobia do not fear these places per se. Rather they fear panicking in them. Accordingly, today many clinicians consider agoraphobia to be a fear of fear itself, rather than a fear of certain places.

FECHNER, GUSTAV THEODOR (1801-1887), German physicist, philosopher, psychophysicist.

Fechner was not without political wisdom within the scientific forum. To maximize the likelihood of public acceptance for the Elements of Psychophysics, he took pains to show that his “exact science of the relationship between mind and body” could in fact be viewed a-metaphysically, that is, independently of any particular view of mind and body in the metaphysical sense. Further, he was careful to align his psychophysical law with other laws then accepted to govern the universe, insisting, for example, that the law of the conservation of energy is a law for the conservation of the universe, and that the mind is bound to feel, to think, or to will within the limitations of this law.

Fechner eventually replied to the diverse scientific criticisms of men such as Hermann Helmholtz, Ernst Mach, Ewald Hering, Joseph L. R. Delboeuf, and Franz Brentano in In Sachen der Psychophysik (On Psychophysical Matters [Leipzig] 1877). introducing the book with these characteristic wry words: “The Tower of Babel was never finished because the workers could not agree on how they should build it; my psychological edifice will manage to survive because the workers cannot come to an agreement about how to knock it down.”

да да да... когда вы не сумеете это разрушить, подумайте о тех, кто сумел это построить...

Tags: encyclopedia of psychology

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