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Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (1874 - 1965) The world crisis - The aftermath (1929)

To all who hope
CHAPTER V
INTERVENTION

Thus, through a treacherous breach of faith, by a series of accidents' and chances which no one in the world had foreseen, the whole of Russia from the Volga River to the Pacific Ocean, a region almost as large as the continent of Africa, had passed as if by magic into the control of the Allies. The message sent by the Czecho-Slovak Army to Professor Masaryk in the United States at the end of July epitomizes the situation. ‘ In our opinion it is most desirable and also possible to reconstruct a Russian-German front in the East. We ask for instructions as to whether we should leave for France or whether we should stay here to fight for Russia at the side of the Allies and of Russia. The health and spirits of our troops are excellent.’ The Czecho-Slovak National Council residing at Washington on this observed : ‘ Professor Masaryk has since then instructed the forces in Sibaia to remain there for the present. . . . The Czecho-Slovak Army is one of the Allied armies and it is as much under the orders of the Versailles War Council as the French or American Army.

On July 2, 1918, the Supreme War Council had made from Versailles a further appeal to President Wilson to agree to the support of the Czech forces. The President thereupon proposed the dispatch of an international force of British, Japanese and United States troops, avowedly to restore and preserve the communications of theCzechs. The next day the British Government in concert with their Allies resolved to extend to them military help. On July 5 the United States announced that they had decided upon a limited intervention in Siberia ‘for the purpose of rendering protection to the Czecho-slovaks against the Germans and to assist in the efforts at self-government or self-defence in which the Russians themselves may be ready to accept assistance.’ They also proposed to send a detachment of the Young Men’s Christian Association to offer moral guidance to the Russian people.

2 июля 1918 г. Верховный военный совет обратился из Версаля с новой просьбой к президенту Вильсону, убеждая этого последнего поддержать чешские отряды. Тогда президент предложил отправить международный отряд, состоящий из британских, японских и американских отрядов, для того чтобы восстановить и поддерживать линии сообщения чехов. На следующий день британское правительство, по согласовании этого вопроса с прочими союзниками, решило оказать чехам военную помощь. 5 июля Соединенные Штаты сообщили, что они решили произвести в Сибири интервенцию в ограниченных размерах, «чтобы оказать чехо-словакам защиту против немцев и помочь организации самоуправления и самозащиты, для каковой сами русские, вероятно, нуждаются в содействии». Правительство Соединенных Штатов предложило также послать отряд христианской молодежи, чтобы морально руководить русским народом.

CHAPTER VI

THE FOURTEEN POINTS

His words had carried comfort to every Allied people, and had been most helpful in silencing subversive peace propaganda in all its forms.

In the meanwhile the President’s declaration played an important part in holding the Western Democracies firmly and unitedly to the prosecution of the war, and also encouraged defeatist and subversive movements among the enemy populations.

German resistance had crumpled under the double pressure of the terrors of war and the hopes of peace.

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