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Encyclopedia of Psychology Alan E. Kazdin, PhD, Editor-in-Chief

BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER (BPD)

From 70 to 75% of BPD patients have a history of at least one self-injurious act (Clarkin, Widiger. Frances, Hurt, & Gilmore, 1983)

Cognitive-behavioral treatments have also been developed for this disorder. The best known of these is dialectical behavior therapy (Linehan, 1993). DBT explicitly targets the highly dysfunctional behaviors in which these patients engage. Originally, this treatment was targeted for the treatment of the most severely parasuicidal patient in an outpatient setting. In clinical trials, it has been shown effective in reducing suicidal behaviors, treatment dropout, psychiatric inpatient days, use of illicit drugs, and anger and increasing general, and particularly social, functioning.

Boas, F. (1911).T he mind of primitive man. New York: Macmillan. A seminal statement.


Tags: encyclopedia of psychology
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