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Encyclopedia of Psychology Alan E. Kazdin, PhD, Editor-in-Chief

ASSESSMENT

Consistent with the traditional role of the psychologist as the expert in assessment issues, a tremendous amount of psychological research has been devoted to the evaluation of psychometric properties of most of today‘s popular assessments instruments.

Primary Methods of Clinical Assessment.

In general, psychological assessment techniques are designed to evaluate a person’s cognitive, emotional, social, and personality functioning. In clinical settings, the purpose of assessment is to find out what kinds of problems the person is experiencing and what may have caused the problem, to assist in clarification of personality features, to identify and diagnose mental disorders, to develop case conceptualization and intervention plans. and to evaluate effects of treatment. Due to the complex nature of assessment, diverse strategies have been developed. Multiple strategies are often used in combination to elicit the most accurate, comprehensive, and meaningful description of the individual.

ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY.

From its inception, American psychology was essentially an academic pursuit concerned primarily with research. When psychological service delivery existed at all, it was provided primarily through psychological “clinics” housed in university settings, typically as an adjunct of research programs.

The onset of World War II brought dramatic changes. The military’s needs for classification of individuals on factors such as intelligence and aptitude, and for treatment of the psychological casualties of the war, along with the public’s developing awareness and acceptance of the need for psychological services, combined to create support for the emergence of psychological service delivery.

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