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Encyclopedia of Psychology Alan E. Kazdin, PhD, Editor-in-Chief

AFFILIATION

Schachter did additional studies showing these affiliative tendencies were stronger among first born and only children than among later borns. In search of a theoretical explanation of affiliation, Schachter considered the possibility of “indirect anxiety reduction.” the notion that others help us take our minds off our troubles. Schachter reasoned that if this is true. it shouldn’t make any difference with whom we can affiliate.

According to SAM, people are likely to maintain an elected level of contact for an extended period: according to dialectic views, people should be constantly oscillating between sociability and solitude rather than staying in one state over time. Using a pager methodology, O‘Connor and Rosenblood found support for their SAM predictions.

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