papalagi (papalagi) wrote,

Encyclopedia of Psychology Alan E. Kazdin, PhD, Editor-in-Chief



Estimates suggest that approximately 5% of children are “seriously maladjusted” and an additional 16% are at risk for significant emotional and mental disorders. At the same time, socializing influences on children are rapidly changing. Twenty-five percent of children live with only one parent, and 50% will live in a single-parent home at some time during their childhood.

Other research has suggested the usefulness of differential reinforcement of incompatible behaviors (DRI) for modifying student aggression and promoting prosocial behavior. In using DRI, teachers must carefully monitor and reward or reinforce positive behaviors considered to be incompatible with aggression. In general, research has shown considerable variance among students’ responses to group contingencies, self-management, and DRI. with aggressive and conduct disordered children demonstrating the most resistance to intervention.

Иван Петрович одобряет...

Punishment strategies, such as response cost, time-out, and over-correction, may be effective in suppressing unacceptable behavior. Unfortunately, punishment is limited to behavior reduction and does not teach appropriate or desirable behavior.

Tags: encyclopedia of psychology

  • Post a new comment


    default userpic

    Your reply will be screened

    When you submit the form an invisible reCAPTCHA check will be performed.
    You must follow the Privacy Policy and Google Terms of use.